Hieronder een aantal handige hulpmiddelen die essentiele kennis bevatten voor de succesvolle forex trader, zoals een live forex koersen en grafieken, een economische kalender die belangrijke cijfers live publiceert, een forex woordenboek, exacte openingstijden van de forex markt etc.

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Hieronder vind je een link naar de meest populaire economische kalender, met daarop de belangrijkste economische gebeurtenissen van de lopende week.

In het Economische Kalender Woordenboek vind je meer informatie en uitleg over de belangrijkste economische gebeurtenissen. Uitleg over andere forex termen (forex jargon) vind je in het forex woordenboek.

Sommige economische gebeurtenissen veroorzaken grote schommelingen in de curency rates die door de gebeurtenis beinvloed worden. Voorbeelden hiervan zijn 'Interest Rate decisions' en cijfers over de U.S. 'Nonfarm Employment Change '.

---> economische kalender van forexfactory.

 

In dit forex woordenboek vind je uitleg over de belangrijkste forex termen (forex jargon). Zie het forex economische kalender woordenboek voor uitleg over belangrijke economische gebeurtenissen. Vragen over de forex termen? stel ze op ons forex forum.

A

Accrual - The apportionment of premiums and discounts on forward exchange transactions that relate directly to deposit swap (Interest Arbitrage) deals , over the period of each deal.

[b]Adjustment[/b] - Official action normally by either change in the internal economic policies to correct a payment imbalance or in the official currency rate or. Adjustment - Official action normally by either change in the internal economic policies to correct a payment imbalance or in the official currency rate or.

[b]Appreciation[/b] - A currency is said to 'appreciate' when it strengthens in price in response to market demand. [b]Arbitrage[/b] - The purchase or sale of an instrument and simultaneous taking of an equal and opposite position in a related market, in order to take advantage of small price differentials between markets.

[b]Ask (Offer) Price[/b] - The price at which the market is prepared to sell a specific Currency in a Foreign Exchange Contract or Cross Currency Contract. At this price, the trader can buy the base currency. In the quotation, it is shown on the right side of the quotation. For example, in the quote USD/CHF 1.4527/32, the ask price is 1.4532; meaning you can buy one US dollar for 1.4532 Swiss francs.

[b]At Best[/b] - An instruction given to a dealer to buy or sell at the best rate that can be obtained.

[b]At or Better[/b] - An order to deal at a specific rate or better.

 


B

[b]Balance of Trade[/b] - The value of a country's exports minus its imports.

[b]Bar Chart[/b] - A type of chart which consists of four significant points: the high and the low prices, which form the vertical bar, the opening price, which is marked with a little horizontal line to the left of the bar, and the closing price, which is marked with a little horizontal line of the right of the bar.

[b]Base Currency[/b] - The first currency in a Currency Pair. It shows how much the base currency is worth as measured against the second currency. For example, if the USD/CHF rate equals 1.6215 then one USD is worth CHF 1.6215 In the FX markets, the US Dollar is normally considered the 'base' currency for quotes, meaning that quotes are expressed as a unit of $1 USD per the other currency quoted in the pair. The primary exceptions to this rule are the British Pound, the Euro and the Australian Dollar.

[b]Bear Market[/b] - A market distinguished by declining prices.

[b]Bid Price[/b] - The bid is the price at which the market is prepared to buy a specific Currency in a Foreign Exchange Contract or Cross Currency Contract. At this price, the trader can sell the base currency. It is shown on the left side of the quotation. For example, in the quote USD/CHF 1.4527/32, the bid price is 1.4527; meaning you can sell one US dollar for 1.4527 Swiss francs.

[b]Bid/Ask Spread[/b] - The difference between the bid and offer price.

[b]Big Figure[/b] - The first two or three digits of a foreign exchange price or rate. Examples: If the USD/JPY bid/ask is 115.27/32, the big figure is 115. On a EUR/USD price of 1.2855/58 the big figure is 1.28. The big figure is often omitted in dealer quotes. The EUR/USD price of 1.2855/58 would be verbally quoted as "55/58".

[b]Book[/b] - In a professional trading environment, a 'book' is the summary of a trader's or desk's total positions.

[b]Broker[/b] - An individual or firm that acts as an intermediary, putting together buyers and sellers for a fee or commission. In contrast, a 'dealer' commits capital and takes one side of a position, hoping to earn a spread (profit) by closing out the position in a subsequent trade with another party.

[b]Bretton Woods Agreement of 1944[/b] - An agreement that established fixed foreign exchange rates for major currencies, provided for central bank intervention in the currency markets, and pegged the price of gold at US $35 per ounce. The agreement lasted until 1971, when President Nixon overturned the Bretton Woods agreement and established a floating exchange rate for the major currencies. [b]British Retail Consortium (BRC) Shop Price Index[/b] – Measures the rate of inflation at various surveyed retailers. This index only looks at price changes in goods purchased in retail outlets. [b]Bull Market [/b]- A market distinguished by rising prices.

[b]Bundesbank[/b] - Germany's Central Bank.

 


C

[b]Cable[/b] - Trader jargon referring to the Sterling/US Dollar exchange rate. So called because the rate was originally transmitted via a transatlantic cable beginning in the mid 1800's.

[b]Canadian Ivey Purchasing Managers (CIPM) Index[/b] – A monthly gauge of Canadian business sentiment issued by the Richard Ivey Business School.

[b]Candlestick Chart[/b] - A chart that indicates the trading range for the day as well as the opening and closing price. If the open price is higher than the close price, the rectangle between the open and close price is shaded. If the close price is higher than the open price, that area of the chart is not shaded.

[b]Carry Trade[/b] – Refers to the simultaneous selling of a currency with a low interest rate, while purchasing currencies with higher interest rates. Examples are the JPY crosses such as GBP/JPY and NZD/JPY.

[b]Cash Market[/b] - The market in the actual financial instrument on which a futures or options contract is based.

[b]Central Bank[/b] - A government or quasi-governmental organization that manages a country's monetary policy. For example, the US central bank is the Federal Reserve, and the German central bank is the Bundesbank.

[b]Chartist[/b] - An individual who uses charts and graphs and interprets historical data to find trends and predict future movements. Also referred to as Technical Trader.

[b]Cleared Funds[/b] - Funds that are freely available, sent in to settle a trade.

[b]Closed Position[/b] - Exposures in Foreign Currencies that no longer exist. The process to close a position is to sell or buy a certain amount of currency to offset an equal amount of the open position. This will 'square' the postion.

[b]Clearing[/b] - The process of settling a trade.

[b]Contagion[/b] - The tendency of an economic crisis to spread from one market to another. In 1997, political instability in Indonesia caused high volatility in their domestic currency, the Rupiah. From there, the contagion spread to other Asian emerging currencies, and then to Latin America, and is now referred to as the 'Asian Contagion'.

[b]Collateral[/b] - Something given to secure a loan or as a guarantee of performance.

[b]Commission[/b] - A transaction fee charged by a broker.

[b]Confirmation[/b] - A document exchanged by counterparts to a transaction that states the terms of said transaction.

C[b]onstruction Spending[/b] – Measures the amount of spending towards new construction, released monthly by the U.S. Department of Commerce's Census Bureau.

[b]Contract[/b] - The standard unit of trading.

[b]Counter Currency[/b] - The second listed Currency in a Currency Pair.

[b]Counterparty[/b] - One of the participants in a financial transaction.

[b]Country Risk[/b] - Risk associated with a cross-border transaction, including but not limited to legal and political conditions.

[b]Cross Currency Pairs[/b] - A pair of currencies that does not include the U.S. dollar. For example: EUR/JPY or GBP/CHF.

[b]Currency symbols[/b] AUD - Australian Dollar CAD - Canadian Dollar EUR - Euro JPY - Japanese Yen GBP - British Pound CHF - Swiss Franc

[b]Currency[/b] - Any form of money issued by a government or central bank and used as legal tender and a basis for trade.

[b]Currency Pair[/b] - The two currencies that make up a foreign exchange rate. For Example, EUR/USD

[b]Currency Risk[/b] - the probability of an adverse change in exchange rates.

[b]Current Account[/b] – The sum of the balance of trade (exports minus imports of goods and services), net factor income (such as interest and dividends) and net transfer payments (such as foreign aid). The balance of trade is typically is the key component to the current account.

 


D

[b]Day Trader[/b] - Speculators who take positions in commodities which are then liquidated prior to the close of the same trading day.

[b]Dealer[/b] - An individual or firm that acts as a principal or counterpart to a transaction. Principals take one side of a position, hoping to earn a spread (profit) by closing out the position in a subsequent trade with another party. In contrast, a broker is an individual or firm that acts as an intermediary, putting together buyers and sellers for a fee or commission.

[b]Deficit[/b] - A negative balance of trade or payments.

[b]Delivery[/b] - An FX trade where both sides make and take actual delivery of the currencies traded.

[b]Department of Communities and Local Government (DCLG) UK House Prices[/b] – A monthly survey produced by the DCLG that uses a very large sample of all completed house sales to measure the price trends in the UK real estate market.

[b]Depreciation[/b] - A fall in the value of a currency due to market forces.

[b]Derivative[/b] - A contract that changes in value in relation to the price movements of a related or underlying security, future or other physical instrument. An Option is the most common derivative instrument.

[b]Devaluation[/b] - The deliberate downward adjustment of a currency's price, normally by official announcement.

[b]Discount Rate[/b] – Interest rate that an eligible depository institution is charged to borrow short-term funds directly from the Federal Reserve Bank.

 


E

[b]Economic Indicator[/b] - A government issued statistic that indicates current economic growth and stability. Common indicators include employment rates, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), inflation, retail sales, etc.

[b]End Of Day Order (EOD)[/b] - An order to buy or sell at a specified price. This order remains open until the end of the trading day which is typically 5PM ET.

[b]European Monetary Union (EMU)[/b] - The principal goal of the EMU is to establish a single European currency called the Euro, which will officially replace the national currencies of the member EU countries in 2002. On Janaury1, 1999 the transitional phase to introduce the Euro began. The Euro now exists as a banking currency and paper financial transactions and foreign exchange are made in Euros. This transition period will last for three years, at which time Euro notes an coins will enter circulation. On July 1,2002, only Euros will be legal tender for EMU participants, the national currencies of the member countries will cease to exist. The current members of the EMU are Germany, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Austria, Finland, Ireland, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain and Portugal.

[b]EURO[/b] - the currency of the European Monetary Union (EMU). A replacement for the European Currency Unit (ECU). [b]European Central Bank (ECB)

[/b]- the Central Bank for the new European Monetary Union.

[b]Eurozone Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Leading Indicator[/b] – A monthly index produced by the OECD. It measures overall economic health by combining ten leading indicators including: average weekly hours, new orders, consumer expectations, housing permits, stock prices, and interest rate spreads.

[b]Eurozone Labor Cost Index[/b] – Measures the annualized rate of inflation in the compensation and benefits paid to civilian workers and is seen as a primary driver of overall inflation.

 


F

[b]Factory Orders[/b] – The dollar level of new orders for both durable and nondurable goods. This report is more in depth than the durable goods report which is released earlier in the month. [b]Federal Reserve (Fed)[/b] - The Central Bank for the United States.

[b]First In First Out (FIFO)[/b] - Open positions are closed according to the FIFO accounting rule. All positions opened within a particular currency pair are liquidated in the order in which they were originally opened.

[b]Flat/square[/b] - Dealer jargon used to describe a position that has been completely reversed, e.g. you bought $500,000 then sold $500,000, thereby creating a neutral (flat) position.

[b]Foreign Exchange[/b] - (Forex, FX) - the simultaneous buying of one currency and selling of another.

[b]Forward[/b] - The pre-specified exchange rate for a foreign exchange contract settling at some agreed future date, based upon the interest rate differential between the two currencies involved.

[b]Forward Points[/b] - The pips added to or subtracted from the current exchange rate to calculate a forward price.

[b]French Central Government Balance[/b] – The difference between the central government's monthly income and spending.

[b]Fundamental Analysis[/b] - Analysis of economic and political information with the objective of determining future movements in a financial market.

[b]Futures Contract[/b] - An obligation to exchange a good or instrument at a set price on a future date. The primary difference between a Future and a Forward is that Futures are typically traded over an exchange (Exchange- Traded Contacts - ETC), versus forwards, which are considered Over The Counter (OTC) contracts. An OTC is any contract NOT traded on an exchange.

[b]FX[/b] - Foreign Exchange.

 


G

[b]G7[/b] - The seven leading industrial countries, being US , Germany, Japan, France, UK, Canada, Italy.

[b]Going Long[/b] - The purchase of a stock, commodity, or currency for investment or speculation. [b]Going Short[/b] - The selling of a currency or instrument not owned by the seller.

[b]Gross Domestic Product[/b] - Total value of a country's output, income or expenditure produced within the country's physical borders. [b]Gross National Product[/b] - Gross domestic product plus income earned from investment or work abroad.

[b]Good 'Til Cancelled Order (GTC)[/b] - An order to buy or sell at a specified price. This order remains open until filled or until the client cancels.

 


H

[b]Hedge[/b] - A position or combination of positions that reduces the risk of your primary position.

[b]"Hit the bid"[/b] - Acceptance of purchasing at the offer or selling at the bid.

 


I

[b]Industrial Production[/b] – Measures the total value of output produced by manufacturers, mines and utilities. This data tends to react quickly to the expansions and contractions of the business cycle and can act as a leading indicator of employment and personal income.

[b]Inflation[/b] - An economic condition whereby prices for consumer goods rise, eroding purchasing power.

[b]Initial Margin[/b] - The initial deposit of collateral required to enter into a position as a guarantee on future performance.

[b]Interbank Rates[/b] - The Foreign Exchange rates at which large international banks quote other large international banks.

[b]Intervention [/b]- Action by a central bank to effect the value of its currency by entering the market. Concerted intervention refers to action by a number of central banks to control exchange rates.

[b]Introducing Broker[/b] - A person or corporate entity which introduces accounts to FOREX.com for a fee.

[b]ISM Manufacturing Index[/b] – An index that assesses the state of US manufacturing sector by surveying executives on expectations for future production, new orders, inventories, employment and deliveries. Values over 50 generally indicate an expansion, while values below 50 indicate contraction.

[b]ISM Non-Manufacturing[/b] – An index that survey service sector firms for their outlook, representing the other 80% of the U.S. economy not covered by ISM MANUFACTURING REPORT. Values over 50 generally indicate an expansion, while values below 50 indicate contraction.

 


J

[b]Japanese Economy Watchers Survey[/b] – Measures the mood of businesses that directly service consumers such waiters, drivers, and beauticians. Readings above 50 generally signal improvements in sentiment.

[b]Japanese Machine Tool Orders[/b] – Measures the total value of new orders placed with machine tool manufactures. Machine tool orders are a measure of the demand for machines that make machines, a leading indicator of future industrial production. Strong data generally signals that manufacturing is improving and that the economy is in an expansion phase

 


K

[b]Kiwi[/b] - Slang for the New Zealand dollar.

 

 

L

[b]Leading Indicators[/b] - Statistics that are considered to predict future economic activity.

[b]Leverage[/b] - Also called margin. The ratio of the amount used in a transaction to the required security deposit.

[b]LIBOR[/b] - The London Inter-Bank Offered Rate. Banks use LIBOR when borrowing from another bank.

[b]Limit order[/b] - An order with restrictions on the maximum price to be paid or the minimum price to be received. As an example, if the current price of USD/YEN is 117.00/05, then a limit order to buy USD would be at a price below 102. (ie 116.50)

[b]Liquidation[/b] - The closing of an existing position through the execution of an offsetting transaction.

[b]Liquidity[/b] - The ability of a market to accept large transaction with minimal to no impact on price stability.

[b]Long position[/b] - A position that appreciates in value if market prices increase. When the base currency in the pair is bought, the position is said to be long.

[b]Lot[/b] - A unit to measure the amount of the deal. The value of the deal always corresponds to an integer number of lots.


 

M

[b]Manufacturing Production[/b] – Measures the total output of the manufacturing aspect of the Industrial Production figures. This data only measure the 13 sub sectors that relate directly to manufacturing. Manufacturing makes up approximately 80% of total Industrial Production.

[b]Margin[/b] - The required equity that an investor must deposit to collateralize a position.

[b]Margin Call[/b] - A request from a broker or dealer for additional funds or other collateral to guarantee performance on a position that has moved against the customer.

[b]Market Maker[/b] - A dealer who regularly quotes both bid and ask prices and is ready to make a two-sided market for any financial instrument.

[b]Market Risk[/b] - Exposure to changes in market prices.

[b]Mark-to-Market[/b] - Process of re-evaluating all open positions with the current market prices. These new values then determine margin requirements.

[b]Maturity[/b] - The date for settlement or expiry of a financial instrument.

 


N

[b]Net Position[/b] - The amount of currency bought or sold which have not yet been offset by opposite transactions.

 


O

[b]Offer (ask)[/b] - The rate at which a dealer is willing to sell a currency. See Ask (offer) price

[b]Offsetting transaction[/b] - A trade with which serves to cancel or offset some or all of the market risk of an open position.

[b]One Cancels the Other Order (OCO)[/b] - A designation for two orders whereby one part of the two orders is executed the other is automatically cancelled.

[b]Open order [/b]- An order that will be executed when a market moves to its designated price. Normally associated with Good 'til Cancelled Orders.

[b]Open position[/b] - An active trade with corresponding unrealized P&L, which has not been offset by an equal and opposite deal.

[b]Over the Counter (OTC)[/b] - Used to describe any transaction that is not conducted over an exchange.

[b]Overnight Position[/b] - A trade that remains open until the next business day.

[b]Order[/b] - An instruction to execute a trade at a specified rate.

 


P

[b]Personal Income[/b] – Measures an individuals' total annual gross earnings from wages, business enterprises and various investments. Personal income is the key to personal spending, which accounts for 2/3 of GDP in the major economies.

[b]Pips[/b] - The smallest unit of price for any foreign currency. Digits added to or subtracted from the fourth decimal place, i.e. 0.0001. Also called Points.

[b]Political Risk[/b] - Exposure to changes in governmental policy which will have an adverse effect on an investor's position.

[b]Position[/b] - The netted total holdings of a given currency.

[b]Premium[/b] - In the currency markets, describes the amount by which the forward or futures price exceed the spot price.

[b]Price Transparency[/b] - Describes quotes to which every market participant has equal access.

[b]Profit /Loss or "P/L" or Gain/Loss[/b] - The actual "realized" gain or loss resulting fromtrading activities on Closed Positions, plus the theoretical "unrealized" gain or loss on Open Positions that have been Mark-to-Market.

[b]Purchasing Managers Index Services (France, Germany, Eurozone, UK)[/b] – Measures an outlook of purchasing managers in the service sector. Such managers are surveyed on a number of subjects including employment, production, new orders, supplier deliveries, and inventories. Readings above 50 generally indicate expansion, while reading below 50 suggest economic contraction.

 


Q

[b]Quote[/b] - An indicative market price, normally used for information purposes only.

 

 

R

[b]Rally[/b] - A recovery in price after a period of decline.

[b]Range[/b] - The difference between the highest and lowest price of a future recorded during a given trading session.

[b]Rate[/b] - The price of one currency in terms of another, typically used for dealing purposes.

[b]Resistance[/b] - A term used in technical analysis indicating a specific price level at which analysis concludes people will sell.

[b]Retail Sales[/b] – Measures the monthly retail sales of all goods and services sold by retailers based on a sampling of variety of different types and sizes. This data gives a look into consumer spending behavior, which is a key determinant of growth in all major economies.

[b]Revaluation[/b] - An increase in the exchange rate for a currency as a result of central bank intervention. Opposite of Devaluation.

[b]Risk[/b] - Exposure to uncertain change, most often used with a negative connotation of adverse change.

[b]Risk Management[/b] - the employment of financial analysis and trading techniques to reduce and/or control exposure to various types of risk.

[b]Roll-Over[/b] - A rollover is the simultaneous closing of an open position for today's value date and the opening of the same position for the next day's value date at a price reflecting the interest rate differential between the two currencies. The spot forex market is traded on a two-day value date. For example, for trades executed on Monday, the value date is Wednesday. However, if a position is opened on Monday and held overnight (remains open after 1700 ET), the value date is now Thursday. The exception is a position opened and held overnight on Wednesday. The normal value date would be Saturday; because banks are closed on Saturday the value date is actually the following Monday. Due to the weekend, positions held overnight on Wednesday incur or earn an extra two days of interest. Trades with a value date that falls on a holiday will also incur or earn additional interest.

[b]Round trip[/b] - Buying and selling of a specified amount of currency.

 


S

[b]Settlement[/b] - The process by which a trade is entered into the books and records of the counterparts to a transaction. The settlement of currency trades may or may not involve the actual physical exchange of one currency for another.

[b]Short Position[/b] - An investment position that benefits from a decline in market price. When the base currency in the pair is sold, the position is said to be short.

[b]Simple Moving Average (SMA)[/b] – A simple average of a pre – defined amount of price bars. For example, a 50 period Daily chart SMA is the average closing price of the previous 50 daily closing bars. Any time interval can be applied here.

[b]Spot Price[/b] - The current market price. Settlement of spot transactions usually occurs within two business days.

[b]Spread[/b] - The difference between the bid and offer prices.

[b]Square[/b] - Purchase and sales are in balance and thus the dealer has no open position.

[b]Sterling[/b] - slang for British Pound.

[b]Stop Loss Order[/b] - Order type whereby an open position is automatically liquidated at a specific price. Often used to minimize exposure to losses if the market moves against an investor's position. As an example, if an investor is long USD at 156.27, they might wish to put in a stop loss order for 155.49, which would limit losses should the dollar depreciate, possibly below 155.49. Refer to Trading Handbook for FOREX.com's Stop Loss Policy.

[b]Support Levels[/b] - A technique used in technical analysis that indicates a specific price ceiling and floor at which a given exchange rate will automatically correct itself. Opposite of resistance.

[b]Swap[/b] - A currency swap is the simultaneous sale and purchase of the same amount of a given currency at a forward exchange rate. [b]Swissy[/b] - Market slang for Swiss Franc.

 


T

[b]Technical Analysis[/b] - An effort to forecast prices by analyzing market data, i.e. historical price trends and averages, volumes, open interest, etc.

[b]Tick[/b] - A minimum change in price, up or down.

[b]Tomorrow Next (Tom/Next)[/b] - Simultaneous buying and selling of a currency for delivery the following day.

[b]Trade Balance[/b] – Measures the difference in value between imported and exported goods and services. Nations with trade surpluses (exports greater than imports), such as Japan, tend to see their currencies appreciate, while countries with trade deficits (imports greater than exports), such as the US, tend to see their currencies weaken.

[b]Transaction Cost[/b] - the cost of buying or selling a financial instrument.

[b]Transaction Date[/b] - The date on which a trade occurs.

[b]Turnover[/b] - The total money value of all executed transactions in a given time period; volume.

[b]Two-Way Price[/b] - When both a bid and offer rate is quoted for a FX transaction.

 


U

[b]UK HBOS House Price Index[/b] – Measures the relative level of UK house prices for an indication of trends in UK real estate sector and their implication for overall economic outlook. This index is the longest monthly data series of any UK housing index, put out by the largest UK mortgage lender (Halifax Building Society/Bank of Scotland).

[b]UK Producers Price Index Input[/b] – Measures the rate of inflation experienced by manufacturers when purchasing materials and services. This data is closely scrutinized since it can be a leading indicator of consumer inflation.

[b]UK Producers Price Index Output[/b] – Measures the rate of inflation experienced by manufacturers when selling goods and services.

[b]UK Claimant Count Rate[/b] – Measures the number of people claiming unemployment benefits. The claimant count figures tend to be lower than the unemployment data since not all unemployed are eligible for benefits.

[b]UK Jobless Claims Change[/b] – Measures the change in the number of people claiming benefits over the previous month.

[b]UK Average Earnings Including Bonus/ Excluding bonus[/b] – Measures the average wage including/excluding bonuses paid to employees. This is measured QoQ from the previous year.

[b]UK Manual Unit Wage Costs[/b] – Measures the change in total labor cost expended in the production of one unit of output. [b]Unemployment Rate[/b] – Measures the total workforce that is unemployed and actively seeking employment, measured as the percentage of the labor force.

[b]University of Michigan's Consumer Sentiment Index[/b] – Polls 500 US households each month. The report is issued in a preliminary version mid – month and a final version at the end of the month. Questions revolve around individuals attitudes about the US economy. Consumer sentiment is viewed as a proxy for the strength of consumer spending.

[b]Unrealized Gain/Loss[/b] - The theoretical gain or loss on Open Positions valued at current market rates, as determined by the broker in its sole discretion. Unrealized Gains' Losses become Profits/Losses when position is closed.

[b]Uptick[/b] - a new price quote at a price higher than the preceding quote.

[b]Uptick Rule[/b] - In the U.S., a regulation whereby a security may not be sold short unless the last trade prior to the short sale was at a price lower than the price at which the short sale is executed.

[b]US Prime Rate[/b] - The interest rate at which US banks will lend to their prime corporate customers.

 


V

[b]Value Date[/b] - The date on which counterparts to a financial transaction agree to settle their respective obligations, i.e., exchanging payments. For spot currency transactions, the value date is normally two business days forward. Also known as maturity date.

[b]Variation Margin[/b] - Funds a broker must request from the client to have the required margin deposited. The term usually refers to additional funds that must be deposited as a result of unfavorable price movements.

[b]The VIX or Volatility Index [/b]– Shows the market's expectation of 30 – day volatility. It is constructed using the implied volatilities of a wide range of S&P 500 index options. The VIX is a widely used measure of market risk and is often referred to as the "investor fear gauge".

[b]Volatility (Vol)[/b] - A statistical measure of a market's price movements over time.

 


W

[b]Wedge Chart Pattern[/b] – Chart formation that shows a narrowing price range over time, where price highs in an ascending wedge are incrementally less, or in a descending wedge, price declines are incrementally smaller. Ascending wedges typically conclude with a downside breakout, and descending wedges typically terminate with upside breakouts.

[b]Whipsaw[/b] - slang for a condition of a highly volatile market where a sharp price movement is quickly followed by a sharp reversal.

[b]Wholesale Prices[/b] – Measures the changes in prices paid by retailers for finished goods. Inflationary pressures typically show up here earlier than the headline retail.

 


Y

[b]Yard[/b] - Slang for a billion.



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Wat is de euro waard? Met de online valuta converter van XE.com kun je snel en eenvoudig valuta omrekenen, om zo te berekenen wat een currency op dit moment waard is ten opzichte van andere valuta. Dus bijvoorbeeld hoeveel Britse Ponden krijg je voor 1 Euro, of hoeveel Dollar voor een Euro, en wat de Zwitserse Franc waard op dit moment waard is ten opzichte van de Euro, etc. De koersen zijn real time, dus het gaat steeds om de waarde van het moment.

Valuta converter XE.com

De Forex markt (ook valuta markt, currency markt) is gedecentraliseerd, er is dus geen centrale plek waar alle handel plaatsvindt. De handel op de online valuta markt gebeurt tussen banken onderling, en dus vindt online forex trading (currency trading) plaats vanaf het moment dat de eerste banken openen tot het moment dat de laatsten dicht gaan. Banken zijn meestal open van 09.00 tot 16.00. Vanwege het wereldwijde netwerk is er 24 uur per dag Forex handel, van maandag tot vrijdag; in het weekend is de forex markt gesloten.

Het belang van (het kennen van) de Piek Uren

Ook al is de markt 24 uur per dag open (gedurende de werkweek) toch is er niet altijd evenveel activiteit op de forex markt. Dit komt doordat sommige economische regio's actiever zijn dan andere.

Het hart van de Forex Market is in Europa. Londen alleen is al verantwoordelijk voor 35% van het dagelijks verhandelde volume. Frankfurt (EU) is dit voor ongeveer 25%. De VS -meer specifiek Wall Straat- is verantwoordelijk voor iets minder dan 25% en Japan voor 15%.

Dat betekent dus dat de drie grootste financiele centra samen voor meer dan 75% van de dagelijkse Forex handel verantwoordelijk zijn! Logischerwijs is de volatility op de Forex Markt doorgaans ook groter tijdens de uren dat deze drie markten overlappen.


Overlap belangrijkste forex markten, London Time (GMT)


Openings Tijden -- Gemeten in GMT+1 (European Continental Time)

Zondag middennacht, GMT+1, de wereld wordt wakker. We laten per uur zien welke gebieden actief worden of zijn.

N.B: de lijst hieronder gaat uit van zomertijd. Zie de volgende pagina voor meer informatie over zomertijden in de rest van de wereld. Tijdens wintertijd moet 1 uur bij de genoemde tijden optellen.

01.00: Sydney 14.00:Helsinki, Zurich, London
02.00: Sydney,TOKYO 15.00:Zurich, London, NEW YORK
03.00: Sydney, Tokyo,SingaporeHong Kong 16.00:London, New York, Chicago
04.00: Sydney, Tokyo, Singapore, Hong Kong 17.00: New York, Chicago, Denver
05.00: Sydney, Tokyo, Singapore, Hong Kong 18.00: New York, Chicago, Denver , San Francisco
06.00: Sydney, Tokyo, Singapore, Hong Kong 19.00: New York, Chicago, Denver, San Francisco
07.00: Sydney, Tokyo, Singapore, Hong Kong, Moscow 20.00: New York, Chicago, Denver, San Francisco
08.00: Tokyo, Singapore, Hong Kong, Moscow,Helsinki 21.00: New York, Chicago, Denver, San Francisco
09.00: Singapore, Hong Kong, Moscow,Helsinki, ZURICH 22.00: Chicago, Denver, San Francisco
10.00:Moscow,Helsinki, Zurich, LONDON 22.00: Chicago, Denver, San Francisco
11.00:Moscow,Helsinki, Zurich, London 23.00: Denver, San Francisco
12.00:Moscow,Helsinki, Zurich, London 00.00: San Francisco
13.00:Moscow,Helsinki, Zurich, London 01.00: Sydney

Green = opening
Red = piek uren
Blue = laatste openingsuur van een belangrijke markt
B old = belangrijke market

Daylight Savings Time: 
UK,EU: Start laatste Zondag in Maart, eindigt laatste Zondag in Oktober
US: Start tweede Zondag in Maart. Eindigt laatste Zondag in November
Australia: Start laatste Zondag in Oktober. Eindigt eerste Zondag in April
Japan: GEEN ZOMER TIJD (verschil met GMT+1 in de winter is daarom +1 uur extra met ons)
China: NO SUMMER TIME (verschil met GMT+1 in de winter is daarom +1 uur extra met ons)

India: NO SUMMER TIME (verschil met GMT+1 in de winter is daarom +1 uur extra met ons)

 

Iedere succesvolle forex trader moet in ieder geval enigszins op de hoogte zijn van de gebeurtenissen op de economische kalender. Ook al ben je zelf een technische trader, de valuta koersen worden op dag basis vaak in beweging gezet door gepubliceerde cijfers op de economische kalender. Daarom leggen we hieronder de belangrijkste economische gebeurtenissen uit. Wat is hun (gemiddelde) impact op de forex en wat betekenen ze.

De uitleg komt van onze Engelse site, maar Nederlanders hebben daar tegenwoordig toch geen vertaling meer voor nodig. :)

Rating 1 tot 5, 5 betekent 'erg belangrijk'.

Interest Rates -- (5)

Gives information about possible actions from a Central Bank, with regards to the interest rate it charges commercial banks for short term credit. The Central Bank uses the interest rate as an instrument to control both inflation and economic growth. A high interest rate makes borrowing money expensive, curbing investments and spending, which will have a decreasing effect on both inflation and economic growth. Vice versa for a low interest rate.

The currency that has its interest rate lowered (rate cut) will be cheaper to buy, and this will generally (not always) result in a decrease in value as compared to other currencies. Vice versa for when a Central Bank increases the interest rate (rate hike).

Often, there is much speculation about a rate alteration weeks before an anticipated move. This will increase volatility of the currency and generally push lower/higher conform the expectations. for the same reason, speeches and statements of Central Bank figures are meticulously watched/read for clues as to a possible rate hike or cut.

Interest Rate Statement -- (5)

The President of a Central Bank (FED /BOE / ECB /BOJ) comments on current condition or a recently made decision. These comments are often just as important as actual decisions, because they give an insight into the reason for policy measures. Statements like this are meticulously watched/read and often the currency involved experiences heavy volatility during these statements or in the hours after they're published.

Trade Balance -- (4)

The difference between import and export of a country, over a certain period, expressed in money. When there has been more exported than imported it is said there is a Trade Surplus, vice versa it is said there is a Trade Deficit.

A(n) (increased) Trade Deficit generally has a negative effect on the currency, because currency has been sold in favor of another currency to pay for the surplus in imports. Here, also, the expectations from analysts are of considerable importance. The further their forecasts are from the actual figures, the larger the direct impact usually is on the value of the currency.

Consumer Sentiment -- (4)

When the consumer confidence in its economy declines, this is often a strong signal that domestic consumption is under pressure. This in turn has a negative impact on GDP and thus on the currency.

Consumer Price Index -- (4)

The main inflation figure. Obviously important, because inflation has a direct influence on a currency. Simply put: if you get 20% interest over a currency, but the inflation is 30%, your money is still worth less than before. This is one of the reasons why nobody wants to invest in Zimbabwe, a country that has an inflation of a kazillion percent. Naturally the CPI of the US is far more important than that of a country like Norway....

Producer Price Index (PPI) -- (2)

Another inflation figure. Measures the change over a certain period in sales prices of the products of domestic producers.

Import Price Index (IPI) -- (3)

Gives indirect information about the US Trade Balance. It measures price changes for non-military goods and services imported by the US. Like the Export Price Index it gives information that is important for the Trade Balance. An increased Import Price Index means that part of the total import figure is caused by increased prices of foreign goods and services.

Export Price Index (XPI) -- (3)

See Import Price Index.

Manufacturing PMI -- (2)

This is the purchasing managers index. It's used in the Eurozone. Measures business conditions in the production sector. The total production accounts for a quarter of the total GDP of the EU. Measurements above 50 signal an increase in economic activities, below 50 signals a decrease. Basically this indicator gives information about the health of (part of) the EU economy. However, the importance for the forex market of this figure is not very high, this figure only rarely influences the forex market. But, it can strengthen convictions in combination with other indicators that measure the health of the EU economy.

Industrial Production -- (3)

Measures the total output of factories and mines. This indicator is more important in the US than it is in the EU (all tough the importance can vary). This is a monthly figure. It's important to note that the FED bases it's interest rate policy partially based on the current pressure on the Industrial Production. Generally it is said that when industrial capacity is above 85% the inflationary pressure increases, likewise increasing the chances for a rate hike (increasing interest rates) by the FED. (because then production can't keep up with demand, wages and prices will go up)

Wholsale Inventories -- (2)

US indicator. Measures the sale and supply statistics of the second phase in the production process. These sales statistics hardly say anything about personal consumption and therefore usually have little effect on the forex market. However, at times the inventory figures can give a signal about the overall health of the economy. For instance, when inventories increase sharply, this can signal a stagnation of the economy.

Employment Change -- (EU: 3)/(US: 5)

This is an important indicator, because it gives direct information about the growth of the economy. When the number of jobs decrease it is a clear signal of weakening growth, when the number increases, it signals a strengthening growth. As with all economic figures, it's very important to compare the actual figure with the expectation. The further these two are apart, the bigger the impact on the forex market usually is.

Non-Farm Payrolls -- (5)

US indicator. One of the most important economic indicators for the US economy. Non-Farm stands for all jobs minus:

  • General government employees
  • Private household employees
  • Employees of nonprofit organizations that provide assistance to individuals
  • Farm employees

The non-farm employment indicator includes: changes in the Non-Farm payrolls, unemployment figure, production payrolls and the average hourly wage. Some of these figures (for instance the non-farm payrolls) are also published separately and are even then still of significant importance to the forex market.

The non-farm employment figure is one of the best economic indicators when it comes to giving information about the health of the US economy. Immediately after it's release, the forex market often experiences heavy volatility.

Crude Oil Inventories -- (2)

US indicator. The supplies of crude oil, petrol and derivatives such as kerosine. Is published weakly but because the weakly figure regularly has noise in it (holidays etc) the monthly figure is much more important.

This figure is of great importance to the energy markets and when the results differ greatly from expectations (something that happens regularly) the impact can be high. The importance for the forex market is smaller, but strong reactions on the energy markets can (and have in the past) have strong reactions to the USD.

Construction PMI (Production Managers Index) -- (2)

UK indicator. Monthly report that is based on the opinions of different managers from the construction sector about their economic activities and their purchases. A higher PMI signals an increase in the purchase of materials -there is more construction activity- and thus an increase in the economy as a whole.

This figure is sensitive to wave like movements in the economy and thus gives an accurate image of the state of the British economy.

Housing Starts --(3)

US indicator. (also CAN). Measures the amount of houses where construction has started. Basically this figure shows how much money the public has, because people don't start building a house when they are in a financially bad state. There can also be a relation between this figure and the Interest Rate, because low interest rates mean that it's cheaper to borrow money in order to build a house.

Pending Home Sales -- (3)

US indicator. Measures the contract activity on the existing housing market. Signals a situation ahead of trends in the housing market. Is mainly indicative as far as economic turning points are considered. When less houses are sold this can indicate a stagnation of the economy. (interest is too high, income is too low, or the faith of the consumer in the economy is low).

Building Permits -- (2)

Canadian indicator. These figures describe activities and trends in the home- and business construction sector. An increase signals increasing economic growth.

 

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